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edit Group mirrors

Group mirrors

Judy Kay, Peter Reimann, Kalina Yacef
School of Information Technologies, University of Sydney

Contact Person

Judy Kay
judy@it.usyd.edu.au

Photo of Group mirrors

Project Description

Working in groups is hard. Yet, much human activity involves people collaborating in small groups to complete a project. This is especially common in the workplace. The ambitious goal of this project is to help transform groups into teams by providing them with mirrors of the group activity: then, the group members can be helped to see how the group is performing, whether the activity levels of each member and their interactions are healthy, or not.

This project aims to exploit some of the huge amounts of electronic trace data that can be captured as groups of people interact on a long term project. We focus on small groups which work over extended periods of time, several months, on a project such as a software development project or a research project.

This image above shows just one of the visualisations we have created. We call it Wattle, because its appearance was inspired by the Wattle tree. It is one of a set of novel visualisations of group activity: they mirror activity of individuals and their interactions, based upon readily available authentic data. We evaluated these visualisations in the context of a semester long software development project course. In evaluation studies, these visualisations were shown to provide a powerful and valuable mirroring role with potential, when well used, to help groups learn to improve their effectiveness.


Key Publications

S. Bull and J. Kay. Metacognition and open learner models. In The 3rd Workshop on Meta-Cognition and Self-Regulated Learning in Educational Technologies, at ITS2008, pages 7-20, 2008. [View Details]

J. Kay. Lifelong learner modeling for lifelong personalized pervasive learning. IEEE Trans on Learning Technologies, 1(4):215-228, 2008. [View Details]

A. Ullman and J. Kay. WikiNavMap: a visualisation to supplement team-based wikis. In CHI '07: CHI '07 extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems, pages 2711-2716, New York, NY, USA, 2007. ACM Press. [View Details]

S. Bull and J. Kay. Student models that invite the learner in: The SMILI open learner modelling framework. IJAIED, International Journal of Artificial Intelligence, 17(2):89-120, 2007. [View Details]

J. Kay, P. Reimann, and K. Yacef. Mirroring of group activity to support learning as participation. In R. Luckin, K. R. Koedinger, and J. Greer, editors, Proceedings of AIED 2007, 13th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, volume 158, pages 584 - 586. IOS Press, 2007. [View Details]

D. Perera, J. Kay, K. Yacef, and I. Koprinska. Mining learners' traces from an online collaboration tool. In Proceedings of Educational Data Mining workshop, pages 60-69, 2007. [View Details]

J. Kay, P. Reimann, and K. Yacef. Visualisations for team learning: small teams working on long-term projects. In C. Chinn, G. Erkens, and S. Puntambekar, editors, Minds, mind, and society. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Computer-supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL 2007), pages 351-353. International Society of the Learning Sciences, 2007. [View Details]

J. Kay, N. Maisonneuve, K. Yacef, and O. Zaiane. Mining patterns of events in students' teamwork data. In Online Proceedings of the ITS (Intelligent Tutoring Systems) 2006 Workshop on Educational Data Mining, pages 45-52, Jhongli, Taiwan, 2006. [View Details]

J. Kay, N. Maisonneuve, K. Yacef, and P. Reimann. The big five and visualisations of team work activity. In Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Proceedings 8th International Conference, ITS 2006, pages 197-206. Springer, 2006. [View Details]

J. Kay, N. Maisonneuve, K. Yacef, and P. Reimann. Wattle tree: What'll it tell us? Technical Report 582, School of IT, The University of Sydney, January 2006. [View Details]

S. Bull and J. Kay. Student models that invite the learner in: The SMILI open learner modelling framework. Technical Report 580, School of IT, The University of Sydney, January 2006. [View Details]

J. Kay. Scrutable adaptation: because we can and must. In V. Wade, H. Ashman, and B.Smyth, editors, Proceedings of Adaptive Hypermedia and Adaptive Web-Based Systems, 4th International Conference, AH2006, pages 11-19. Springer, 2006. [View Details]

S. Bull and J. Kay. A framework for designing and analysing open learner modelling. In Online Proceedings of the AIED (Artificial Intelligence in Education) 2005 Workshop on Learner Modelling for Reflection, to Support Learner Control, Metacognition and Improved Communication between Teachers and Learners (LeMoRe05), pages 81-90, 2005. [View Details]

P. Reimann and J. Kay. Adaptive visualization of user models to support group coordination processes. In Online Proceedings of the Joint Workshop on Cognition and Learning through Media-Communication for Advanced e-Learning 2005, 2005. [View Details]

P. Reimann, J. Kay, K. Yacef, and P. Goodyear. Adaptive visualisation support for self-managed learning groups. In Online Proceedings of the AIED (Artificial Intelligence in Education) 2005 Workshop on Representing and Analyzing Collaborative Interactions, 2005. [View Details]

C. Collins, P. Goodyear, J. Kay, N. Maisonneuve, P. Reimann, M. Weinel, and K. Yacef. Adaptive visualisation support for self-managed learning groups, college of science and technology teaching and learning showcase, groupwork poster, 2005. [View Details]

H. Drury, J. Kay, and W. Losberg. Perceptions of group work from first to third year in computer science: do things get better? college of science and technology teaching and learning showcase, groupwork poster. Technical report, 2005. [View Details]

P. Reimann, J. Kay, K. Yacef, and P. Goodyear. Adaptive visualisation support for self-managed learning groups. In Proceedings of Representing and Analyzing Collaborative Interactions, held in conjunction with 12th conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED05), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2005. [View Details]